Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur

   publicist; an ide-ological precursor of National Socialism. He was born to a prosperous home in Solingen; his father (Moeller) was a royal architectural advisor, while his mother (van den Bruck) was Spanish and Dutch by descent. Expelled from Gymnasium and thus barred from university, he was disowned by his family (yet he inherited a small fortune). He was thereafter a determined student of history and art and a cultural opponent of the Kaiserreich. Unpolitical, but passionate about German culture, he led a bohemian existence in the years before 1914, traveling widely and devoting considerable time to editing and translating modern literature. Dur-ing 1904-1910 he wrote an eight-volume history, Die Deutschen; however, his focus was a twenty-two-volume edition of Dostoyevsky s collected writings, translated between 1905 and 1914. The Russian s attack on Western rationalism appealed to Moeller.
   World War I politicized Moeller. Aged thirty-eight when war erupted, he volunteered for the army in 1916 and served briefly on the Eastern Front (in 1902 he had eluded the army by moving to Paris, deserting a pregnant wife in the process). Assigned to the army s propaganda department, he was given free rein to write, albeit with a twist. His 1916 Der preussische Stil (The Prussian style), while theoretically treating architecture, was a tract in praise of Prussian austerity and obedience.
   From 1916 Moeller wrote incessantly on political theory. Two pivotal works, the article "Das Recht der jungen Volker" (The right of young peoples) in November 1918 and Das dritte Reich (The Third Reich) in 1923, underscored his rejection of Western liberalism and his espousal of a mixture of Prussian conservatism and an ill-defined socialism—a relationship advanced also by Os-wald Spengler.* What Germany needed was "a third way" between Western liberalism and the Bolshevism of Russia. Although he argued that Germany commanded a key position in central Europe, its orientation should be toward the East (his thought was crucial to the curious movement called National Bolshevism*). Vague on how his vision might be achieved, he was not averse to suggesting that there was power in contradiction.
   With Spengler, Moeller is deemed the key force behind Germany s neocon-servative movement. After the war he published Gewissen (Conscience), a Ber-lin* journal in which he eloquently critiqued the Weimar system. When Germany signed the Versailles Treaty,* he helped found a neoconservative group, the Juni-Klub (see Herrenklub). His prolific writings championed a "con-servative revolution that blended nationalism, anti-Marxism, antiliberalism, and corporative socialism. Late in 1924 he suffered a severe breakdown; a few months later he committed suicide. Although his ideas found an echo in Hitler s* movement, the Nazis later distanced themselves from an ideology not grounded in racist principle.
   REFERENCES:Pulzer, Rise of Political Anti-Semitism; Fritz Stern, Politics of Cultural Despair; Struve, Elites against Democracy; Von Klemperer, Germany's New Conser-vatism.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur — ▪ German author born April 26, 1876, Solingen, Ger. died May 30, 1925, Berlin       German cultural critic whose book Das Dritte Reich (1923; “The Third Empire,” or “Reich”) provided Nazi Germany with its dramatic name.       Moeller left Germany …   Universalium

  • Arthur Moeller van den Bruck — (auch: Moeller Bruck, eigtl. Moeller; * 23. April 1876 in Solingen; † 30. Mai 1925 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Kulturhistoriker, Staatstheoretiker und völkisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moeller van den Bruck — Arthur Moeller van den Bruck Arthur Moeller van den Bruck (auch: Moeller Bruck, eigtl. Moeller; * 23. April 1876 in Solingen; † 30. Mai 1925 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Kulturhistoriker, Staatstheoretiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur Moeller Van Den Bruck — Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, né le 23 avril 1876 à Solingen, en Westphalie, mort le 30 mai 1925 à Berlin, était un historien et un écrivain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Moeller van den Bruck — (April 23, 1876 – May 30, 1925) was a German cultural historian and writer, best known for his controversial book Das Dritte Reich (1923). He also published the first full German translation of Dostoyevsky. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Moeller van den Bruck — Activités Écrivain Naissance 23 avril 1876 Solingen, Westphalie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moeller van den Bruck — Moeller van den Brụck   [ mœlər fan ], Arthur, Schriftsteller, * Solingen 23. 4. 1876, ✝ (Selbstmord) Berlin 30. 5. 1925; übte als geistiger Mittelpunkt des »Juniklubs« einen nachhaltigen Einfluss auf die Jungkonservativen aus. Er bekämpfte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bruck, Arthur Moeller van den —    See Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Moeller — is a surname of German origin, and can refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Things 4 See also People …   Wikipedia

  • Bruck — may refer to any of the following:People*Charles Bruck (1911 1995), Hungarian French conductor *Dietmar Bruck (born 1949), German footballer *Hermann Brück (1905 2000), German astronomer *Ludwig Bruck, Australian physician medical journalist… …   Wikipedia

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